The Elizabeth neighborhood in Charlotte, North Carolina is the city’s second oldest streetcar suburb. Founded in 1891 along what is now Elizabeth Avenue and boasting Elizabeth College and its own streetcar spur, Elizabeth has always been one of the city’s major business and residential areas. The present day neighborhood includes five separate early subdivisions developed along the Elizabeth Avenue-Hawthorne Lane-Seventh Street trolley line and the Central Avenue trolley line by the 1920s.
Elizabeth takes its name from Elizabeth College, a small Lutheran women's college founded in 1897 on the present-day site of Presbyterian Hospital. Elizabeth began to develop rapidly after 1902, when a trolley line was completed, and was annexed in 1907. Home of Independence Park, the first public park in the city, Elizabeth became one of the most fashionable residential areas in Charlotte in its early days
Because much of the neighborhood was developed in the early 20th century, Elizabeth's trees have had time to mature. They now form a canopy over most of Elizabeth's residential streets. In addition, Elizabeth is more pedestrian-friendly than most Charlotte neighborhoods, businesses and residences are in close proximity, and most roads have sidewalks.
A substantial portion of the neighborhood is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Elizabeth Historic District. The district encompasses 887 contributing buildings, 1 contributing site, 4 contributing structures, and 1 contributing object. The district was listed in 1989.
Elizabeth contains two major hospitals (Presbyterian Hospital and Mercy Hospital), and a number of medical offices line Randolph Road. Along 7th Street there are numerous old houses that have been converted into shops, offices, and restaurants. At the western end of the neighborhood lie Independence Park and American Legion Memorial Stadium. A development project is underway to revitalize Elizabeth Avenue.